Civil Examinations and Meritocracy in Late Imperial China - download pdf or read online

By Benjamin A. Elman

in the course of China's past due imperial interval (roughly 1400-1900 CE), males amassed through the thousands each or 3 years outdoors respectable exam compounds sprinkled throughout China. just one percentage of applicants could entire the educational routine that may earn them a submit within the administrative paperwork. Civil Examinations assesses the position of schooling, exam, and China's civil provider in fostering the world's first specialist category in response to tested wisdom and skill.

Civil examinations have been instituted in China within the 7th century CE, yet within the Ming and Qing eras they have been on the middle of a posh social internet that held jointly the highbrow, political, and monetary lifetime of imperial China. neighborhood elites and the courtroom sought to persuade how the govt regulated the classical curriculum and chosen civil officers. As a guarantor of academic benefit, examinations tied the dynasty to the privileged gentry and literati classes--both ideologically and institutionally.

China eradicated its classical exam process in 1905. yet this conscientiously balanced, continuously contested piece of social engineering, labored out over centuries, was once an early harbinger of the meritocratic regime of faculty forums and different front checks that undergirds better schooling in a lot of the realm today.

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